The Meaning of Yoga

While in recent years the word "yoga" has been heard more in gyms than in religious discourse, "yoga" in its original sense has little to do with exercise. "Yoga" comes from the Sanskrit verb yuj, to yoke or unite. The goal of yoga is to unite oneself with God; the practice of yoga is the path we take to accomplish this. Spiritual aspirants can be broadly classified into four psychological types: the predominantly emotional, the predominantly intellectual, the physically active, the meditative. There are four primary yogas designated to "fit" each psychological type. We should state from the beginning that these categories are not airtight compartments. Indeed, it would be psychologically disastrous for anyone to be completely emotional, completely intellectual, completely active or completely meditative. Each yoga blends into the next; each yoga balances and strengthens the others.

Suggested Reading
 
Vedanta Philosophy
The Concept of Maya
Karma and Reincarnation
Harmony of Religions
Avatar: God in Human Form
The Meaning of Yoga
Bhakti Yoga
Jnana Yoga
Karma Yoga
Raja Yoga
Ethics and Morality
Rituals